Dressing and acting in a manner that shows respect for the host country’s social and cultural values should be the pilgrim’s aim. Some social rules to be aware of are:

  • Avoid public displays of affection between people of the opposite sex.
  • During Ramadan, the month when Muslims fast from dawn to sunset, eating or drinking in public in Muslim areas during the fasting hours should be avoided.
  • While it is difficult to visit the Middle East without being aware of political tension, visitors are wise to refrain from expressing opinions about it in public. Feel free to ask questions of the people you meet, but be aware that the answers you get will differ considerably, depending on the person you are talking to.